A horse was concluded to carry the vesicular stomatitis virus.
The announcement was officially made on July 30 by the department. This year, states stretching across the U.S. Midwest have also spotted the disease in their borders. Oklahoma, meanwhile, has not seen an instance of the virus since the 1990s. The most recent outbreak in the United States occurred in 2015–2016.
Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) typically affects horses, mules, swine donkeys, and cattle. It can also potentially infect humans, but there are very few instances of that happening. It takes two to eight days for the first symptoms to surface in the form of blisters. Affected animals suffer the following symptoms:
- Decreased appetite for food and water,
- Sores or blisters on the lips and in the mouth,
- Excessive salivation,
- Crusts or sores on the legs and underline.
We do not yet understand how transmission of the disease takes place, but animal movement, insects, and mechanical transmission seem to contribute largely to is proliferation. The way this virus manifests itself resembles those which Foot-and-Mouth Disease also displays. Thus, veterinarians and owners should keep a watchful eye on their cattle for any of the above symptoms.
Blood sample testing works effectively to discover the disease, and an infected animal should go into quarantine for 14 days. Oklahoma officials highly encourage those who discover the illness in their animals to contact the State Veterinarian’s office.
To minimize risks of their cattle contracting and spreading the virus, owners should take the following precautions:
- Provide water and food for the animals in individual buckets,
- Control biting flies,
- Maintain clean stalls,
- Shelter the equine under a roof during nighttime in order to decrease exposure to biting insects,
- Stay away from any quarantined premises.